World Refugee Awareness Month (June 2016)
The NCTSN invites you to join us in observing World Refugee Awareness Month and, on June 20th, World Refugee Awareness Day. In doing so, we focus on the millions of refugees who live around the globe, recognizing their plight as well as their valuable contributions to our communities.
Traumatized refugee children and their families must deal with their past traumatic experiences while integrating into a new and unfamiliar society. They must look for safety in an alien culture, and ask for help in a nonnative language. Children and their families who have experienced war-related trauma and disruption also suffer burdens associated with resettlement such as poverty, unemployment, stigmatization, and bias.
See below for a listing of helpful resources related to the needs of refugee children and families.
- NCTSN Resources
- NCTSN Member Resources
- For Educators
- For Mental Health and Medical Professionals
- For Refugees
- For Social Service Providers/Community Agencies
Children of War: A Video for Educators
A powerful video presentation in which refugee youth tell their own stories about the experience of war. Recommended for educators and others who work with immigrant and refugee youth and children. Because the stories are deeply moving, the video is not recommended for students younger than high school age, and any presentation to youth should be handled with sensitivity and made only after the video has been previewed.
Children of War: A Resource Guide (PDF)
A guide to help educators teaching students of all ages understand the experience of refugee youth and children. Best used in a group setting. Includes discussion questions for educators, suggests ways teachers and schools can help refugee students, and describes the traumatic stress that can result from wartime experiences and resettlement in a new culture.
Culture and Trauma Brief (vol 1, no 1): Promoting Culturally Competent Trauma-informed Practices (2005) (PDF)
This three-page brief highlights the need for clinicians and policy makers to understand the links between trauma and culture. Cultural competence in trauma treatments and practices is conceptualized broadly, to encompass race, ethnicity, immigrant status, sexuality, urbanity and rurality, and disability.
Mental Health Interventions for Refugee Children in Resettlement: White Paper II (2005) (PDF)
Revisits and summarizes the research reported on in White Paper I on the mental health needs of refugee children. Discusses the need for a comprehensive mental health services approach for refugee children. Then focuses on exploring what a comprehensive mental health service model for refugees might look like, based on a review of literature for findings that support the value of specific approaches or techniques. Includes recommendations for next steps toward improving standards of mental health care for traumatized refugee children.
Review of Child and Adolescent Refugee Mental Health (2003) (PDF)
A white paper that broadens work done in previous reviews of refugee mental health by discussing the most recent empirical studies of pathology and services among refugees and by describing unique populations of child and adolescent refugees. These data, as well as treatments, are organized by phase of the refugee experience and contextualized in cultural and developmental frameworks. Adaptation and adjustment of refugees, with particular emphasis on coping and use of available resources, are also reviewed.
Refugee Services Toolkit (2012)
A web-based toolkit to help service providers foster the mental health and general well-being of refugee children and families. The toolkit will help providers understand the experience of refugee children and families, identify the needs associated with their mental health, and ensure that they are connected with the most appropriate available interventions.
NCTSN Culture and Trauma Speaker Series: Trauma & Mental Health in Child and Adolescent Refugees (2007)
Heidi Ellis and Ruth Campbell discuss the special challenges and opportunities presented in working with traumatized refugee youth.
- Crossroads: The Psychology of Immigration in the New Century (2012)
This evidence-based report addresses the psychological factors related to the experience of immigration, with particular attention to the mental and behavioral health needs of immigrants across the lifespan, and the effects of acculturation, prejudice/discrimination and immigration policy on individuals, families and society.
- Resilience & Recovery After War: Refugee Children and Families in the United States (2010) (PDF)
To best address the needs of war-affected children and families, the authors recommend that stakeholders within the sectors of clinical practice, research, education, and public policy be culturally competent and cognizant of the multiple factors influencing their mental health and adjustment to resettlement.
Community Dialogue and Needs Assessment for Trauma Informed Systems of Care for Resettled African Refugee Youth in New Hampshire (PDF)
This publication is a joint report of the New Hampshire Project for Adolescent Trauma Treatment, an NCTSN member and the Wellesley Centers for Women. The report documents the results of a project that engaged African refugee youth, community members, and service providers in identifying the steps needed to create trauma-informed systems of care for African refugee youth.
- Human Rights Education Lesson Plans: The Refugee Rights (PDF)
An exercise that shows students how to put themselves, at least imaginatively, in the shoes of refugees.
- Refugee Children in U.S. Schools: A Toolkit for Teachers and School Personnel
The toolkit is designed to support and assist schools with large numbers of refugee students and is updated regularly.
- In the Setting of War: Teachers' Guide for Talking to Your Students (PDF)
Offers teachers assistance in identifying and addressing signs of adjustment difficulties in students and facilitating conversations in classrooms about the war.
- Trauma and the Adult English Learner
Focuses on how teachers can help refugee and immigrant learners make significant progress in adjusting to new life in an unfamiliar culture. Discusses qualities of mental health and stresses faced by refugees, and includes three things that teachers can do to help their students adjust.
American Psychological Association
APA’s mission is to advance the creation, communication and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society and improve people's lives.
- Resilience and Recovery After War: Refugee Children and Families in the United States (PDF)
The report reviews the research on the psychosocial effects of war on children and families, identifies areas of needed culturally and developmentally appropriate research, and provides recommendations for culturally and developmentally informed practice and programs.
- Immigrant and Refugee Health
Provides information on medical examination of immigrants and refugees, refugee health guidelines, and laws and regulations.
- Screening and Assessing Immigrant and Refugee Youth in School-Based Mental Health Programs (2008) (PDF)
This clinical resource is meant for primary health care providers working with refugees or other survivors of war trauma and torture.
- Helping Refugee Trauma Survivors in the Primary Care Setting (2005) (PDF)
This paper provides an overview of screening, identification, and assessment tools and processes that can be used by practitioners and researchers who care for immigrant and refugee youth.
- Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ)
A checklist that asks questions about a variety of trauma events as well as the emotional symptoms considered to be uniquely associated with trauma.
- HealthReach, Health Information in Many Languages is a national collaborative partnership managed by refugee health professionals whose objective is to provide quality multilingual, health information resources for those providing care to resettled refugees and asylees.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
The mission of the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) to enhance and protect the health and well-being of all Americans.
Office of Refugee Resettlement
The Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) provides new populations with the opportunity to maximize their potential in the United States. Their programs provide people in need with critical resources to assist them in becoming integrated members of American society.
- A project of the Center for Victims of Torture, this website provides a wide range of resources to services providers, whether they work in law, mental health, medicine, or social services.
- Child Welfare Training Curricula for Staff Working with Refugees and Immigrants
The webpage brings together a selection of manuals, guides, and information to use to develop a culturally competent practice.
- Enhancing Child Care for Refugee Self-Sufficiency: A Training Resource and Toolkit (2006) (PDF)
The resource is designed to provide agencies serve refugee clients and provide them with a selection of childcare options.
- Growing Up in a New Country: A Positive Youth Development Toolkit for Working with Refugees and Immigrants (2006) (PDF)
Supports social service providers in developing quality programming for the newcomer youth, ages 13–19, in their communities.
- Guardianship Fact Sheet for Staff Assisting Refugee Families (2012) (PDF)
This factsheet provides basic information to help refugee families understand how to establishe legal guardianship when caring for children of relatives or friends.
- Raising Children in a New Country: A Toolkit for Working with Newcomer Parents (2005) (PDF)
Toolkit brings together resources that can be adapted for developing parenting services for newly arrived families.
- Raising Children In a New Country: An Illustrated Handbook (2007) (PDF)
Created for agencies serving refugees and immigrants to help give newcomer parents basic information about U.S. laws and parenting practices.
- Healthy Living Toolkit
Designed to help in educating refugees and immigrants to become proactive health consumers and promoters in their communities. Supports health professionals, health promoters, ESL teachers, and resettlement case managers in assisting refugees and immigrants to navigate the health system to reduce health disparities among these populations. Material presented in a culturally appropriate manner. Available in eighteen languages.
- Resource Guide for Serving Refugees with Disabilities
A how-to for caseworkers and advocates who serve refugees to help improve access to services for newly arrived refugees with disabilities.