September 11th and Hurricane Katrina Anniversaries

09/2015

The anniversary of a natural disaster or terrorist attack can serve as a powerful reminder of earlier reactions to the tragedy, and can trigger renewed feelings of anxiety, sorrow, and concerns about the future. These reactions even after 10 years can interfere with daily functioning at home, work, or school.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) has compiled resources for disaster response workers, educators, families, medical personnel, mental health professionals, and youth to help with recurring reactions and with current stresses and adversities.

 

Page Contents

Featured NCTSN Resources

Adolescence and Substance Abuse
Includes tools and materials to help mental health clinicians, substance abuse treatment providers, parents, caregivers, and youth address the complex needs pertaining to substance abuse issues and trauma.

Parenting in a Challenging World (2005) (PDF)
Offers help for parents and caregivers of children who have experienced a traumatic event and subsequent adverserties afterwards. This resource addresses questions, such as, What does a family do to heal after a child has experienced a traumatic event? Will my child recover? How have other people coped?

Self Care: Taking Care of Yourself
Addresses needs for taking care of yourself before, during, and after an anniversary by providing an inventory and guidance to increase awareness, balance, and connection for effective self care.

Skills for Psychological Recovery (SPR)
SPR is an evidence-informed modular intervention that aims to help survivors gain skills to manage distress and cope with post-disaster stress and adversity. SPR is not a formal mental health treatment, but a secondary prevention model that utilizes skills-building components that have been found helpful in a variety of post-trauma situations and during anniversaries.

Strategies to Manage Challenges for EMS Families (2008) (PDF)
Discusses some of the many challenges for parents who work in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) field. Describes strategies for dealing with each of the challenges outlined, addressing the unique set of stressors experienced by EMS workers, their significant others, and their children. Created by the North Shore–Long Island Jewish Health System Adolescent Trauma Treatment Development Center in conjunction with the Center for Emergency Medical Services.

Terrorism, Disaster and Children Speaker Series
This webinar series focus on assessing and treating the impact of disasters and secondary adversities in preschool children, school-aged children, and youth following a disaster. The presenters discuss developmental issues, parent issues, assessment, treatment, and preparedness. Several of the webinars highlight lessons learned from September 11th and Hurricane Katrina. The most relevant presentations during this anniversary time period are identified.

Tips for Families on Anticipating Anniversary Reactions to Traumatic Events (2002) (PDF)
   >En Español: Sugerencias para la familia que anticipa reacciones adversas al aproximarse el aniversario de un  acontecimiento traumático (2002) (PDF)
Offers advice on how to deal with the feelings that arise with anniversaries of tragic events―including renewal of early reactions and feelings, and increasing worries about something similar happening again. As an anniversary of a public tragedy approaches, there is increased media attention, which may be accompanied by warnings, rumors, myths, and misconceptions that can easily add to families’ worries. Tips include information on what to look for, who might need special support, and how you can help. Includes links to other resources.

Traumatic Grief
Overview of normal grief and grieving processes, and how they differ from traumatic grief. Childhood traumatic grief may occur following a death of someone important to the child when the child perceives the experience as traumatic. NCTSN resources include videos, training curricula, and educational materials for parents, educators, pediatricians, media, and other providers.

Hurricane Katrina Anniversary

Economic Stress
Includes a selection of resources and fact sheets about economic stress, resilience and adjustments as economic changes can greatly affect individuals, families, and communities. Provides materials that include descriptions of economic downturn impacts along with practical ways to help youth, parents, and communities address their problems, stay connected, network, and cope better during economic challenges.

Hurricane Recovery Resources

Includes resources, tools and tips to equip parents, children, educators, and service providers with skills and information to address worries during the hurricane season.

Trinka and Sam: The Rainy Windy Day - A Children's Book (PDF) 
     >En Español [Trinka y Juan en un día de mucho viento y lluvia]
Trinka and Sam the Rainy Windy Day is a story developed to help young children and their families begin to talk about feelings and worries they may have after they have experienced a hurricane. In the story, Trinka and Sam, two small mice, become scared and worried when it begins to rain and storm. The rain and wind remind them of the hurricane they experienced before. The story describes some of their reactions and talks about how their parents help them to express their feelings and feel safer. In the back of the booklet, there is a parent guide that suggests ways that parents can use the story with their children. Also available in Spanish.

September 11 Anniversary

Parenting in a Challenging World (webpage)
Offers help for parents and caregivers of children who have experienced a traumatic event. These pages and resource, using as an educating tool scenes from the documentary film Surviving September 11th: The Story of One New York Family, address some of their questions―such as, What does a family do to heal after a child has experienced a traumatic event? Will my child recover? How have other people coped?

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For Educators

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

  • Coping in Hard Times: Fact Sheet for School Staff (2011) (PDF)
    Practical ways to help youth address their problems, stay connected, network, and cope better during economic downturns. Explains how challenging financial circumstances can affect school personnel, teachers, and their students' sense of safety, ability to calm, self- and community efficacy, connectedness, and hope.
  • Self Care for Educators (2008) (PDF)
       >En Español: Auto-ayuda para educadores (2008) (PDF)
    Tips to help educators who experience secondary traumatic stress through working directly with traumatized children and adolescents. Information includes how to recognize the signs of compassion fatigue, find support, and care for themselves.

September 11 Anniversary

For Action Initiative
This program grew out of Families of September 11 and its mission is to raise awareness about the effects of public trauma and terrorism and to educate teachers and youth about the history of terrorism, international relations, global security, and domestic and international policies. This website has teacher tools, lesson plans, and other resources.

National Association of School Psychologists (NASP)
Resources to support parents, educators, and other caregivers to help children deal with the anniversary of September 11. Includes advice on teaching children to process their reactions in a healthy way, fostering resilience and coping skills, and much more. Tip sheets are available in English and Spanish.

Project Rebirth
An organization that recognizes “the unique preparedness needs of first responders as the frontline of disaster recovery.” Seeks to “chronicle living history and honor 9/11 victims and first responders, and to advance educational initiatives committed to pre-trauma resiliency building for first responders.”

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For Families and Youth

American Psychological Association (APA)

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs' National Center for PTSD (NCPTSD)

  • PTSD Coach App
    A mobile app (free download) offering information and advice on PTSD and how to manage symptoms that commonly occur after trauma. Designed for current and veteran service members who have—or may have—PTSD. Includes information on PTSD and treatments that work, a PTSD self-assessment tool, skills for handling stress symptoms, tool for screening and tracking PTSD symptoms, and links to other resources for getting professional support and help. Available from iTunes and Android Market.

Hurricane Katrina 10 Year Anniversary

Federal Emergency Management Agency

  • Hurricane Katrina: A Decade of Progress Through Partnerships
    This webpage is dedicated to report on the decade of progress through partnerships made in building better and more resilient communities following Hurricane Katrina. Includes  recovery stories on community accomplishments, financial reports, and valuable partnerships.   

Katrina 10
This site serves as the  official account for the City of New Orleans’ 10th Anniversary Commemoration of Hurricane Katrina, and provides information on events and activities that reflect on the loss and celebrate the progress made, as well as honoring those around the world that have helped the region recover. It provides an opportunity to acknowledge the fullness, richness and diversity of the history of New Orleans.

September 11 Anniversary

American Psychological Association (APA)

  • 9/11 Anniversary
    Provides resources for parents and educators related to the anniversary of September 11th, with links to news releases, resources, and guides; includes information on resilience, helping children cope, and more.

Voices of September 11th
Provides information and resources for 9/11 families, rescue workers, and survivors. Includes support programs; forums; mental health and educational services to promote resiliency; up-to-date information through the website, newsletter, and direct mailings; and commemorative events to honor the lives and stories of September 11th. Also promotes public policy reform on prevention of, preparedness for, and response to terrorism; works to build bridges between international communities that have been changed by terrorism; and much more. More recently, VOICES launched the Center of Excellence for Community Resilience which shares lessons learned to assist communities in healing after acts of natural disasters or mass violence. 

9/11 Memorial
A national tribute of remembrance and honor to the men, women, and children killed in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and February 26, 1993. Includes lesson plans, teaching guides, webcasts, interactive timelines, and other educational resources.

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For Service Providers/Agencies


National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

  • Coping in Hard Times: Fact Sheet for Community Organizations and Leaders (2012) (PDF)
    Discusses how challenging financial circumstances can affect communities, their organizations, and their members’ sense of safety, ability to calm, self- and community-efficacy, connectedness, and hope. Also includes practical ways to help community members address their problems, stay connected, network, and cope better during economic downturns.
  • NCTSN Empirically Supported Treatments and Promising Practices
    Factsheets that describe some of the clinical treatment and trauma-informed service approaches implemented by NCTSN centers, with the common goal of reducing the impact of exposure to traumatic events on children and adolescents. The documents were produced in close consultation with the developer of each treatment or service approach.
  • Secondary Traumatic Stress: A Fact Sheet for Child-Serving Professionals (2012) (PDF)
    Gives concise overview of secondary traumatic stress and its potential impact on child-serving professionals; outlines options for assessment, prevention, and intervention relevant to secondary stress; and describes the elements necessary for transforming child-serving organizations and agencies into systems that also support worker resiliency.
  • Secondary Traumatic Stress Speaker Series: Secondary Traumatic Stress and Provider Self Care in Disaster and Terrorism Settings (2012)
    Topics focus on the potential for secondary traumatic stress in disaster and terrorism settings, and outline some recommended actions for preventing and reducing the potentially stressful impact of this work on disaster mental health providers.
  • Consultation in the Context of Terrorism and Disaster (2010)
    In this webinar, Joy Osofsky and Claude Chemtob, provide guidelines for assessing and treating young children who have been traumatized through a disaster or act of terrorism. The presentation focuses primarily on lessons learned from Hurricane Katrina and 9/11.


Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

  • Disaster Technical Assistance Center (DTAC)
    Supports “SAMHSA's efforts to prepare States, Territories, Tribes, and local entities to deliver an effective mental health and substance abuse (behavioral health) response to disasters.”
  • Disaster Responders: Introduction
    This Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series (DBHIS) installment focuses on the behavioral health effects of responding to a disaster. It provides resources on self-care, as well as specific disaster behavioral health interventions that responders can use to help survivors recover from a disaster.
  • Resilience and Stress Management: Introduction
    This DBHIS installment contains resources that can be used “during any situation, whether it is dealing with financial stress, recovering from a natural disaster, or coping with the loss of a family member or friend.” Includes resources on resilience, understanding stress, and stress management—with effective coping strategies, tip sheets, an extensive annotated bibliography, and links to other resources.

Hurricane Katrina 10 Year Anniversary

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

  • Katrina's Children: Response, Resilience and Recovery (2008)  
    In this webinar, Joy and Howard Osofsky provide a foundation for understanding children in disasters. Topics discussed include evaluation and treatment services for traumatized children, school support services, PFA in unusual situations, resilience, and vicarious trauma. The presentation focuses on data on children affected by Katrina.

Save the Children

  • Still at Risk: U.S. Children 10 Years After Hurricane Katrina 
    This report outlines the findings of research commissioned by Save the Children to determine progress made on recommendations formulated by the National Commission on Children and Disasters to address federal planning gaps pertaining to children and disaster and serve as a national guide to help states better protect their children.

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